Women’s Health and Gynecology Gynecology deals with women’s health specifically involving the anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system which includes the vagina, uterus ovaries and the breasts, along with its diagnosis, treatment and management. Modern gynecologist are also obstetrician, because both specializations overlap, wherein obstetrics deals with maternal care involving childbirth. Gynecology involves medical and surgical intervention, wherein gynecological illnesses require hormonal and pharmacological management. Gynecologists deal with the diagnosis and treatment involving cancer of the ovaries, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina and vulva, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, urine incontinence, infertility, menorrhagia, pelvic organ prolapse, infections of the vagina, cervix and uterus and other vaginal diseases. Gynecologist perform different diagnostic and therapeutic procedures such as hysterectomy, removal of ovary and uterus, uterine cone biopsies, colposcopy, hysteroscopy, ultrasound of reproductive organs, Pap smears, laparoscopy, diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, urinary incontinence, and menstrual problems. Pap smear is a screening procedure regularly performed by gynecologists to identify cervical precancerous or cancerous cells in the uterine opening. Pap smear doesn’t hurt but it might be uncomfortable. It is a recommended test for women over age 18 and for every woman who is sexually active. Gynecologist advise women to undergo Pap smear at least one every year, though risk factors, age and past Pap smear results may vary the frequency.
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Hysterectomy is the removal of uterus and cervix, that is one of the main options for treating cancer of the ovaries, cervix, uterus or endometrium. Hysterectomy has two types namely, partial hysterectomy and complete hysterectomy. A laparoscopic hysterectomy requires two to three days hospital stay, with a recovery period of one to two weeks, whereas an abdominal hysterectomy may take a longer time because the recovery is usually four to six weeks.
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Dysmenorrhea refers to painful cramps that occur right before or during menstruation. It is one of the common complaints of women. There are two types of dysmenorrhea namely primary and secondary dysmenorrhea, wherein primary dysmenorrhea usually occurs on the onset of menstruation that lasts one to three days, whereas secondary dysmenorrhea is a pain caused by disorders of the reproductive system. A woman’s reproductive system is vast and complex, and only an expert gynecologist can rule out diseases or disorders that cause a particular gynecological symptom. If you have problems with your reproductive system, do not hesitate to consult the expertise of a gynecologist to help you with the diagnosis and treatment uniquely for you. A gynecologist aims to help women preserve health, and find means to treat reproductive system diseases and disorders through medical and surgical intervention.