Guide to Types of Construction Projects A process that consists of the building or assembling of infrastructure is what construction is all about. A construction project then includes all the materials and work needed to build the infrastructure. Also included in a construction project are site preparation, foundations, mechanical and electrical work, and other works that are needed so that the project will be completed. There are many different kinds of construction projects. When the construction company builds houses, town houses, apartments, condos, cottages, single unit dwellings and subdivisions, we call them residential construction projects. The housing designs are done by an architect and an engineer, and it is executed by a contractor who hires subcontractor to do structural, electrical, mechanical, and other specialty work. Residential construction projects must conform to local building authority regulations and codes of practice. The reason why many contractor prefer residential projects is that it is easy to enter them in the real estate market. The real estate market is highly competitive with high risks but you can also get high rewards for it.
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When it comes to popularity, building construction comes out the first. In building construction, you add a building on a piece of property. Room additions and small renovations are also under building construction. Construction of new buildings often involved the building of sheltered enclosures with walk-in access for the purpose of housing people, equipment, machinery, or supplies. Utilities and equipment are installed.
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Institutional and commercial building construction includes many types and sizes of projects. Hospitals and clinics, schools and universities, sports facilities and stadiums, large shopping centers and retail chain stores, light manufacturing plants and warehouses, and skyscrapers for offices and hotels are some projects that are included in institutional and commercial building projects. Specialty architects and engineers are hired to design particular buildings. The competitors in this market are few compared to residential projects because the projects are very high and cost and they are also very sophisticated. A small part of the whole construction industry is industrial construction. Industrial construction is also a very important part of construction. Big, for-profit industrial corporations own these projects. Examples of these are manufacturing, power generation, medicine, petroleum, etc. There are also specialized industrial construction projects that are large scale projects which are technologically complex and examples of these are nuclear power plants, chemical processing plants, steel mills, and oil refineries. The construction , alteration, repair or roads, highways, streets, alleys, runways, paths, parking areas are included under highway construction. All incidental construction in conjunction with the highway construction project are included in it. Heavy construction projects usually involve projects that are not properly classified as either building or highway. Examples of this construction are water and sewer line projects, dams, sewage treatment plants and facilities, flood control projects, dredging projects, and water treatment plants and facilities.